Moses is again interceding for the people. Moses is a picture (type) of Christ who intercedes for the people. Exodus 34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. 9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it [is] a stiff necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.
The Lord accepted Moses' petition because in Exodus 34:5, the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. 6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin...
But, that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
So those that do not accept God's plan of Salvation will be rejected. We must repent, turn and confess our sins and accept Jesus Christ as our personal Savior and then and only then will God's true nature be revealed to us!